Five months later, the United States made another unilateral pullout, announcing it was quitting the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty it had signed with the Soviet Union 30 years ago, alleging Russia had violated the treaty. The INF is an important bilateral treaty and its absence will have far-reaching effects on U.S.-Russia relations, regional security and the development of global nuclear power.
The disasters destroyed infrastructure widely, including over 68,000 houses, religious buildings, and bridges. Roads were badly damaged in many places. The loss was estimated to be about 15.29 trillion rupiah (.011 billion).